|Conch Style House in Key West, FL|
|Presidio de Santa Barbara|
In the late 18th century the Spanish began building small presidios, small forts, in Northern California to resist Russian and English colonization. These presidios were built in San Diego, Santa Barbara, Monterey, and San Francisco. Today, the presidios that are still standing are open for visitors and educational purposes.
|Examples of minimal wooden structures in Jamestown, VA|
The Spanish were not the only influential architects, as many of the settlers of the colonies were from England. The English influence on architecture was recognized by simple structures, reminiscent of farm and small village homes. The homes and buildings were made up of materials readily available to the settlers; wood for the houses and brick or stone for the chimneys. Houses had small windows due to the unavailability of glass to the New World, even after England began manufacturing glass America did not catch on to expanding windows for another hundred years. Because the houses were so bland and minimal, residents decorated their houses by creating decorations with nails on their front doors; the more nails, the more elaborate the decoration.
|Massachusetts State House|
Colonial expansion is the reason the US is so diverse in everything it does, whether it be culture, food, architecture, style of dress, mannerisms, whatever it is, it was probably adapted from somewhere else. It is the combination is mixing of the many styles from around the world that makes America so unique and a place of vacation for people around the world. And we thought we were the melting pot because of our skin colors!